Acne / Acne vulgaris

Adolescent with acne

Acne vulgaris is an androgen-dependent (androgen = a male hormone), inflammatory skin condition that occurs during adolescence and in young adulthood and is usually self-limited. Its typical symptoms are blackheads (comedones) that become inflamed and may eventually result in papules and papulopustules (commonly known as “pimples”).

Today, changes in the skin similar to acne are increasingly being observed in adults over the age of 30. This condition is usually known as “late acne”. Factors such as stress, both psychological and physical, the wrong skin care, and hormonal changes have been discussed as the causes of the disorder. Late acne is frequently accompanied by combination skin with dry areas, rather than a purely oily skin.

Basic dermacosmetic care:

Basic care that is appropriate to skin type is especially important for skin prone to acne. Unsuitable care products can make the condition much worse. Basic care consists of an adequate cleanser and care product. As a rule, cleansing the skin in the morning and evening is sufficient. Suitable cleansers are cleansing products that control oil and have an additional antimicrobial effect. These should be rinsed off thoroughly with water after use. Cleansing with water alone is not suitable since it cannot remove the oily sebum secretions adequately.

A facial clarifying toner can be deployed additionally after cleansing to remove excess sebum. Solutions containing alcohol, anti-inflammatory ingredients and substances to remove flaking are suitable for oily skin prone to acne. These give the facial toner a disinfecting effect, stimulate the blood circulation and refresh the skin.

The care products applied afterwards should soothe and cool the skin after cleansing, and stop feelings of tightness. At the same time, they should increase the skin’s moisture levels and maintain the barrier function of the skin’s horny layer. Bases low in oil, such as emulsions containing a high proportion of water and a low proportion of oil (O/W creams) and gels are particularly suitable. In contrast to this, for late acne, which is often accompanied by combination skin with dry areas in addition to the oily areas, products should contain a sufficient amount of care ingredients, and a cream should be used rather than a gel.

Care products for blemished skin and acne skin should have keratolytic properties as well as antibacterial qualities, i.e. they should be able to remove rough skin cells and blockages in the sebaceous glands. This can be achieved by means of fruit acids, for example. However, the products should nevertheless be very mild and compatible with the skin, otherwise they may cause damage. The important factor is the pH value of the products. If this is too low, i.e. too acidic, severe skin irritation may result with long-term use. 

Sage extract can also promote the sebum excretion. Other ingredients, such as bisabolol and allantoin which have anti-inflammatory and regenerative properties, make sense too.

Regular exfoliation may also contribute to an improvement in the condition of the skin. However, it is important not to carry out an abrasive exfoliation since this would irritate the skin unnecessarily, and could lead to the bacteria in the inflamed areas being spread over the entire skin. Using a mild fruit acid exfoliator – with a pH value that is not too acidic – on the specific areas of skin affected, can be recommended.

 

DADO SENS care recommendation:

  • Basic care:

PurDerm

  • Supplementary anti-aging care:

Ectoin Anti-Aging Fluid

  • Severely irritated areas/pimples:  

PurDerm Anti-Blemish Roll-On

  • Sun protection:

Sun Gel SPF 15 / Sun Gel SPF 25